Irritation is an irritation of an organ, but most often this term is used in neurology when it comes to stimulation of the brain( its cortex and...
Constipation( frequent, persistent): causes, treatment, symptoms, signs
1 What is the ailment of
Constipation is a complicated or systematically insufficient defecation, that is, the emptying of the intestine. Constipation creates a feeling of severe discomfort, qualitatively changing the life of any person. Probably, in the world there is no one person who at least several times in his life did not experience constipation. When it occurs situationally, there is no particular cause for concern, but when a person begins to track some of its signs, it is worthwhile to seek medical advice from a doctor. Terrible trials bring to life a person's constant constipation, accompanied by inflammatory processes of the intestinal tract. Such people are forced to constantly keep themselves on diets, to conduct courses of drug treatment, annually to be examined in diagnostic centers.
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The World Health Organization classifies constipation as a disease of the gastrointestinal tract. On the contrary, the World Organization of Gastroenterologists characterizes constipation as a symptom of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
Constipation is acute and chronic. His symptoms can be easily traced neither to the adult nor to the child:
- absence of defecation for several days;
- severity in the ileum;
- subfebrile temperature;
- abdominal pain;
- sleep disturbance;
- shortness of breath;
- increased sweating;
- pain in the navel;
- pain in the lumbar region;
- frequent belching;
- increased drowsiness;
- bloating of the abdominal cavity;
- very hard feces.
At the slightest suspicion of the symptoms of constipation, especially in childhood, urgent help is needed from the gastroenterologist in order to protect yourself from the risk of intoxication of the body, weakening of the connected organs with the intestinal tract, well, and, of course, the transition of the disease to a chronic form. Symptoms of constipation may indicate a latent flow of internal diseases, which the patient does not even suspect.
4 Treatment measures
The doctor-gastroenterologist is engaged in the treatment of constipation after the final diagnosis, having studied all the symptoms, causes and biochemical indicators of the patient's analyzes.
Depending on the reasons that caused constipation, complex treatment and mandatory diet are prescribed. An effective measure for constipation is also therapeutic exercise, referral of the patient to thermal springs, traditional medicine.
Among the laxatives, which patients themselves "prescribe" themselves, the most common are preparations from a tropical plant, perfectly established and in the middle latitudes, called senna. In pharmacies, preparations from senna leaves are dispensed without a prescription and in unlimited quantities. Senna is a part of many Ayurvedic drugs, complementing their pharmacological functions. Reception senna should be strictly regulated by a doctor. Patients who accustom their intestines to this drug, are at great risk of never recovering its performance. Moreover, senna does not suit everyone: it can provoke enterocolitis, a strong swelling of the abdominal cavity, cause an increased thirst, nausea, even vomiting, increase blood pressure, and promote increased gas production. Naturally, this drug has a lot of contraindications, which many patients do not think about. Senna is categorically contraindicated in pregnant women.
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The opinion of doctors. .. "
In the medical treatment of constipation, a doctor appoints a number of laxatives to dilute the patient's chair and as soon as possible to cleanse the intestines from stools that irritate and poison the entire body. In this case, the following drugs are effective:
- "Puraks".The advantage of the drug is that it contains vegetable components that gently cleanse the intestines after the first intake.
- Adyulax. A mild-acting laxative, which is made up of glycerin, which dissolves hard stools.
- «Drops of Agarkov Forte».The drug, which is based on a herbal complex of herbs, perfectly stimulates the intestinal peristalsis.
- "Alaks".Its therapeutic effects contribute to the rapid evacuation of the intestine;the drug is made from herbal alkaloids.
- Fiberlex. A preparation based on herbal constituents;gently relieves the intestines from stagnant phenomena.
- "Guttalax".A synthetic preparation that effectively cleanses the intestines in a few hours.
The next important step to overcome constipation will be the appointment of drugs that restore the intestinal microflora. Perhaps, this is the most difficult stage of restoration of normal operation of intestinal walls. The intestinal mucosa is easily susceptible to toxins, and the wall very quickly loses its elasticity, disrupting motor function. Therefore, it takes more time to normalize the intestinal microflora. Of the drugs doctors recommend the most affordable and effective, over-the-counter, for example:
- "Bifido-Lacto Form".The drug, created on the basis of "living" bacteria, able in the shortest time to improve the mucous membrane of the intestinal walls.
- "Rotabiotic".In addition to restoring the intestinal microflora, it enhances the protective properties of the mucosa.
- "Konstiplex".Ayurvedic remedy, which gives an easy laxative effect and restores the microflora of the large intestine.
- Mukofalk. One of the best drugs for the sick bowel;created on a plant basis. It is an easy laxative;contains psyllium seeds, hydrophilic fibers. It softens the feces well and improves peristalsis, it has a beneficial effect on the microflora of the intestinal mucosa.
Undoubtedly, it is effective in the fight against constipation and general diseases of the gastrointestinal tract and folk medicine.
The patient is recommended herbal teas, infusions and decoctions of the following herbs that grow in our strip: chamomile, St. John's wort, yarrow, sage, calendula, plantain, nettle, peppermint, rhizome of calamus, licorice root.
2 Etiology of the disease
The reasons for constipation are so diverse that only a gastroenterologist can perform the final diagnosis after performing a fine diagnosis. And yet, the most typical are listed here:
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- gastritis with high acidity;
- inflammation of the bulb of the duodenum;
- tumor processes on the walls of the intestine;
- improper power supply;
- increased absorption of fluid from stool in the large intestine;
- vitamin deficiency;
- is a sedentary lifestyle;
- insufficient intake of daily liquid;
- stressful situations;
- trauma to the abdominal organs;
- frequent use of laxatives;
- adhesions in the large intestine;
- elongation of the mucosa by enemas for various purposes;
- forced retention of defecation due to domestic inconveniences;
- internal bleeding;
The causes of constipation usually indicate the presence of some pathologies, avitaminosis or concomitant diseases of internal organs. Therefore, the causes and treatment of constipation are directly interrelated. Doing some appointments, referring only to signs of constipation, is the height of frivolity. Pathologies of internal organs can provide reasons, the symptoms of which will confirm frequent constipation, but in fact the problem will be in another.
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3 Consequences of the disease
Stagnant stools poison the entire body with toxins. There is evidence of scientific research that the walls of the large intestine can accumulate a huge amount of fecal stones, making it difficult for bowel motility. There is a predisposition to the formation of adhesions and fistulas. Stool stones can clog up the intestines so much that the lumens of the intestine narrowed to the point where the passage of stool is simply impossible. Some surgeons who conduct operations on the intestines of a person, find on the walls of the intestine up to 10-15 kilograms of perennial fecal stones. Usually people with chronic constipation have an unpleasant odor from the mouth, shortness of breath, profuse sweating, hormonal disorders, excess weight.
Probably, it is worth all the same to say a few words about the danger of intoxication of the body due to stagnant phenomena in the intestine. Toxins reduce the resistance of the body, significantly affecting the immune system, making the body weakened and vulnerable to various infections. The danger of a slagged intestine is that the intestine itself is a kind of blood depot. When fecal masses are not able to move freely along the intestinal mucosa, there is a threat of hypertension and heart failure. Of course, such conditions often turn into chronic forms.
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In cases where a person is suffering from constipation, the reasons for which have not yet been determined, the doctor is not in a hurry with the prescriptions so as not to cause exacerbations of hidden ailments.
Constipation is dangerous for pregnant women. This is generally a problem of problems for a woman bearing an embryo for a number of reasons: the pressure of the overflowing ileum region, where the intestine makes "deposits" of stagnant feces, the fetus, the intoxication of the maternal and embryonic body, the difficulty in withdrawing the products of the embryo's vital activity.
An important event, when a person is suffering from constipation, the symptoms of which indicate a violation of diet, is a diet. What can and can not normally be "prompted" by the body itself, but many people simply ignore the elementary diet and food rations. With a tendency to constipation, it is necessary to completely eliminate from your diet fried meat, smoked meat, pickles, spicy food, sweet and flour. It is necessary to limit the consumption of strong black teas, coffee drinks, carbonated sweet drinks, artificial juices, replacing them with fruit jelly, natural juices, compotes from dried fruits, fruit drinks.
To normalize the chair, frequent fractional meals are recommended, including black bread, bran buns, vegetable soups, dairy products, boiled potatoes, steamed cutlets and vegetables, fruits, mineral water without gas, fruit purees, honey water.
It is dangerous when obesity caused by constipation, uncharacteristic for children, appears at an early age and is fixed for the rest of life. The child is changing before his eyes: he becomes apathetic or, on the contrary, too irritable, overeats, leads a sedentary lifestyle, since childhood fixing in his mind a disdainful attitude to one's own health. And the fault in this lies entirely with the parents. It is parents who must teach their children to exercise, to eat properly, to regimen of day and night, and to take care of their health.
Adult people get used to over time to ignore the serious causes, symptoms of many diseases, turning them into chronic forms voluntarily. But the disease can be defeated and even prevented at the earliest stages of its development in our body. An important influence on the birth of the most unpredictable ailments is our mental state. Residents of megacities and large contaminated industrial zones constitute the primary risk groups for predisposition to diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
- 1 What is the disease
- 2 Etiology of the disease
- 3 Consequences of the disease
- 4 Treatment measures
- 5 Diet
Constipation, the causes and treatment of which will help identify and prescribe only a gastroenterologist, represent a serious problem for many. Unfortunately, people are used to concealing this disease, considering it bashful. Partly for this reason, most people start the disease by transferring it into a chronic form. And in the meantime, there comes a peculiar point of no return, when it is practically impossible to cure the disease and there remains a variant of constant action on the intestinal walls by mechanical means for its periodic emptying.
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