Endometriosis - treatment, symptoms, causes, signs, photos

Endometriosis of the uterus means that the cells of the inner layer of the uterine walls( endometrium) grow beyond this layer.

There are various forms of endometriosis:

  • ovarian endometriosis;
  • of the intestine;
  • genital endometriosis and others.

Genital endometriosis can be divided into:

  • external endometriosis( pelvic peritoneum and ovaries);
  • internal endometriosis( typical for patients with uterine myoma).

Diffuse endometriosis evenly affects the entire uterus, whereas focal endometriosis is presented in the form of small nodules( foci).

In treating the diffuse form of the disease, there are many more problems and complications, since there are no characteristic inflammatory foci that are treated and restored.

Retrocervical( located behind the uterine neck) endometriosis ranks third in the frequency of occurrence among all other forms of the disease.

Most often, retrocervical endometriosis is common among women of middle reproductive age( 30-

40 years).

All diseases of endometriosis are connected in one way or another with the mucous membranes of internal hollow organs and systems.

In the absence of proper treatment and with the neglect of the disease, the appearance of a chronic form of endometriosis is possible.

Causes of the onset of endometriosis

To date, the exact cause of the onset of endometriosis( adenomyosis) has not been established.

Physicians in this case suggest the following factors:

  • a phenomenon of retrograde menstruation( a process in which a part of the menstrual blood enters the abdominal cavity through the fallopian tubes);
  • immune disorders;
  • genetic predisposition;
  • surgical interventions( abortion, curettage of the uterus, cesarean section operation);
  • hormonal factors.

Symptoms of endometriosis

The development of endometriosis, as a rule, proceeds gradually, without noticeable symptoms.

Nevertheless, it is possible to identify some of the signs by which it is possible to suspect the onset of the disease, to carry out further research and to put the right, final diagnosis.


Most often, the symptoms of the disease include:

  • strong menstrual pain in the lower abdomen;
  • painful sensations during intercourse;
  • uterine bleeding;
  • revealing blood in feces or in urine;
  • infertility;
  • pain in defecation.

And, for all these symptoms is characterized by a sharp exacerbation during the menstrual cycle.

Degrees( stages) of endometriosis

1 degree

Initial, minimal.

At this stage of the disease development, there is one( less, few) small areas of endometriosis.

2 degree


The emerging foci of the disease are still small, but already begin to germinate deep into the tissues.

3 degree


Several penetrating foci of endometriosis are formed, as well as small chocolate cysts on the ovary.

4 degree


Deep, extensive foci of endometriosis, large cysts on the ovary are formed and spikes appear in the small pelvis.

The main danger of endometriosis is that this disease provokes infertility.

Diagnosis of endometriosis consists of the following procedures:

  • mandatory examination of the patient;
  • delivery of necessary analyzes;
  • ultrasound;
  • additional instrumental research methods.

For the diagnosis of endometriosis, a CA-125 blood test is also used, which is used to identify proteins that appear in the blood in the course of a disease.

The most common test CA-125 is used as an auxiliary action in the diagnosis of endometriosis.

Symptoms of endometriosis

Symptoms can include the following symptoms:

  • pain in the lower back and abdomen;694th
  • pain in the vagina;
  • pelvic pain;
  • dysmenorrhea;
  • dysuria;
  • dyspareunia;
  • pain during defecation;
  • strong menstrual flow;
  • menorrhagia;
  • hematuria during menstruation;
  • bleeding from the rectum during menstruation;
  • abdominal menstrual bleeding;
  • vaginal pain in sexual intercourse;
  • vomiting and nausea before the onset of menstruation;
  • palpable formations;
  • infertility;
  • intermittent fever.

The most acute question that interested women ask: is it possible to cure endometriosis and whether it is possible to become pregnant after treatment?

Treatment of endometriosis

Only an experienced physician can develop a specific tactic for the treatment of endometriosis of the uterus, therefore, for diseases of this nature, self-medication should be completely ruled out.

There are following methods of treatment of endometriosis:

  • drug;
  • surgical;
  • combined.

Medication method

This method allows you to use hormonal drugs that help to normalize the function of the ovaries, as well as to eliminate the occurrence of foci of the disease .

In the treatment of hormonal drugs, such as hormonal preparations from the group of decapeptil and danazol are used.

The full course of treatment usually takes a long time( up to several months).

695th In addition, anti-pain non-hormonal drugs that relieve pain in endometriosis are used.

For different gynecological diseases, the drug Dufaston is very helpful.

Its most frequent use is used for hormonal disorders.

A conservative treatment of endometriosis, just and implies hormonal therapy.

For this purpose, synthetic female sex hormones, progesterone analogues( Dufaston) are prescribed.

The drug Duphaston has a progestagenic selective effect affecting the mucous uterine membrane.

A good result in the treatment of endometriosis can be obtained by taking tablets by Byzanne.

It is possible to distinguish such features of the treatment of the Byzantine tablets:

  • once a day;
  • relieves endometriotic pain;
  • reduces the volume of endometriosis lesion;
  • side effects are virtually absent or minimized.

It can be added that in the treatment of endometriosis and adenomyoma of the uterine neck, Norkolut tablets are taken.

Moreover, the daily dose should not exceed one tablet.

In addition, in the medical treatment of endometriosis,

  • vitamins are used;
  • candles;
  • injections;
  • immunomodulators.

During the recovery period, the sanatorium can be offered for rest and necessary medical procedures, where physiotherapy, hirudotherapy, and other auxiliary therapies are widely used.

Treatment of endometriosis with the drug Jeanine


The use of the drug Jeanine in the treatment of endometriosis has its advantages:

  • excellently combines with other drugs;
  • rarely leads to severe side effects;
  • gently stabilizes the hormone level;
  • does not need to stop menstruation for six months, which used to be one of the most effective and radical methods;
  • is rarely observed fundamental side effects( a set of excess weight, problems with the kidneys and the cardiovascular system);
  • easy accessibility( reasonable price, availability on sale).

Surgical method of treatment

This type of treatment is carried out only in the most extreme cases, when the medicinal methods do not give any noticeable result or to apply them too late.

Most often, patients after surgery are no longer interested in how to become pregnant and whether they can even become pregnant with endometriosis.

Unfortunately, after surgery, women in the overwhelming majority of cases lose the prospect of having children.

Laparoscopy for endometriosis is a fairly low-impact manipulation, significantly increasing the likelihood of having your child.

Laparoscopy is performed using a laser or electrocoagulation( moxibustion or removal of foci of endometriosis occurs).

Alternative methods of treatment include a special special intrauterine device with hormones.

It is injected into the uterine cavity, and then progesterone-based drugs are released from it for a long time.

The so-called hormonal spiral has a number of significant advantages in relation to other treatments: it has a much smaller number of side effects, and there is no need for daily use of tablets.

However, the final choice of this or that method of treatment should belong exclusively to a gynecologist after consultation with an endocrinologist.

Treatment of endometriosis with folk remedies

A wonderful remedy for the treatment of endometriosis is clay( preferably blue or gray).

Clay should not contain any excess inclusions( earth or sand).The deeper the deposits of clay are, the purer it is.

Treatment of clay is the imposition of a clay cake on the stomach( from the navel to the pubis), the average thickness of which is approximately two centimeters.

For each new procedure it is necessary to use a new clay cake.

The average course of treatment is about one week. 697th

A good folk remedy for endometriosis is red beet juice.

It should be taken two to three times a day for 50-100 ml.

You should start taking the medication with small doses.

The reception of beet juice is especially useful in combination with carrot juice.

In the fight against endometriosis is widely used: treatment with herbs( boron, red brush, herbal preparations), as well as homeopathy.

Many women are interested: can I get pregnant with endometriosis.

The unequivocal answer at the gynecologists while is not present, but conception of the child all the same sometimes occurs or happens.

However, then it is possible the emergence of various problems, which, in principle, are completely solvable.

Approximately 40-80% of women who see a doctor with a problem of infertility, find endometriosis.

However, do not consider this a final verdict.

Do not let go of your hands, fight for yourself, believe in yourself.

And most importantly - be healthy!

Video: Endometriosis

Endometriosis Endometriosis is a gynecological disease that provokes endometrial hyperplasia( benign growth) and has become widespread enough among women capable of reproducing offspring.

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