Disease

Trophic ulcer


This disease should be treated as early as possible at the initial stage of the disease, while the tissues are still capable of healing and have not acquired the character of an irreversible process.

The causes of trophic ulcer

The main causes of the formation of trophic ulcers:

  • innervation of tissues;
  • local circulatory disturbance.

Trophic ulcers occur as a result of various diseases, almost do not respond to treatment and are distinguished by a long persistent course.

Recovery is directly related to the course of the underlying disease and the possibility of compensating for disorders that lead to the formation of ulcers.

In addition, the most common trophic ulcers occur for the following reasons:

  • trauma to the nerve trunk;
  • is an autoimmune disease of connective tissue;
  • chronic allergic dermatitis;
  • diabetes mellitus;
  • thermal injuries( burns, frostbite);
  • chronic and acute lymphostasis;
  • thrombophlebitis;
  • varicose disease;
  • obliterating atherosclerosis.

Symptoms of trophic ulcer

Before the appearance of visible skin defects,

  • swelling;686th
  • pain;
  • permanent heaviness in the legs( most prominent in the knees);
  • skin itching and burning;
  • nocturnal cramps;
  • "glossy" skin of a purple or purple hue;
  • skin coarsening;
  • pigmentation spots show a tendency to fuse.

Appearance of the ulcer itself:

  • round or oval;
  • relatively small size of the ulcer;
  • lacerated edges;
  • comes in contact with a sharp pain.

Neurotrophic ulcers , similar to decubitus, are formed in areas of skin prone to high pressure( heels, soles).

The most common trophic ulcers of extremities, especially on the legs.

Trophic ulcers of the lower extremities in the disease clinic are of a general( collective) nature and are not registered in the ICD( International Classification of Diseases).

Trophic leg ulcers are the result of diseases of the following systems:

  • arterial;
  • venous;
  • lymphatic.

According to statistics, trophic ulcers in diabetes can not be more than three percent of all trophic ulcers.

It can not be said that this is very much, but it should be noted that about 80% of patients suffering from diabetes mellitus have problems with the normal functioning of small vessels or nerve endings.

Trophic ulcer, not being an independent inflammatory process, occurs as a serious complication in the following diseases:

  • arterial insufficiency( aortoarteriitis, thromboangiitis, atherosclerosis);
  • venous insufficiency( postthrombophlebitic disease, varicose veins, diabetes,
  • polyneuropathies of the extremities

Ulcers are located on various parts of the body surface

Trophic foot ulcers, for example, develop primarily in diabetes.

Trophic ulcers in varicose occur most frequently onthe skin of the lower extremities

Constantly , the weakening trophic ulcer not only reduces the quality of life of the patient, but is also a serious threat to his healthlife and

How to treat this unpleasant disease in all respects

Treatment of trophic ulcer

Treatment of trophic ulcers of the lower extremities should be carried out in a complex and directed mainly to the elimination of local pathological necrotic processes.

Systemic effect improves local blood supply, reduces tissue metabolism disorders and reduces hypoxia.

Medical treatment

687th Selection of treatment should be performed by a qualified surgeon, and in his competence there is also a decisive word about which antibiotics should be used in this particular case.

In venous leg diseases, it is necessary to normalize the rest and labor run, wear compression lingerie.

From preparations of general effect, the reception of veterinary agents( detraleks, flebodin, troxevasin) is indicated.

Of dezagregantov( drugs that improve blood microcirculation) it is useful to take:

  • a special form of aspirin;
  • nicotinic acid and its salts;
  • pentoxifylline.

In arterial pathologies, a diet that corrects the underlying disease( hypocholesterolemia in atherosclerosis, salt-free in hypertension) is shown.

In addition, it is recommended absolute rejection of bad habits that reduce the quality of blood circulation.

It is necessary to avoid hypothermia of feet, to choose comfortable and soft natural footwear.

Non-pharmacological treatment of

In this treatment, the following methods are proposed: 688q

  • hyperbaric oxygenation in a pressure chamber;
  • ultrafiltration of blood;
  • plasmapheresis;
  • irradiation of blood with ultraviolet rays.

Local treatment of trophic ulcers requires mandatory surgical treatment of the wound( dressing).

During dressings should:

  • maximally remove non-viable tissues;
  • treat wounds with antiseptic solutions;
  • use antibiotics in the form of powders, ointments and creams.

Ointment, which improves blood circulation, is not recommended for application on ulcerous surface.

In case of detection of serious cases of the disease, the doctor decides to perform surgical treatment of trophic ulcers.

It should be noted that standard methods of treating trophic ulcers are ineffective.

At the same time, the most effective means of getting rid of trophic ulcers is skin transplantation( autodermoplasty).

Folk treatment of trophic ulcer

It is clear that the question immediately arises: what is the treatment of the ulcerous surface?

The most affordable treatment options are:

  • 5% solution mummy in aloe juice;
  • infusion from the bite;
  • powder from dried horsetail( they are covered with wounds);
  • wrapping peptic ulcers with burdock or cabbage leaves;
  • gruel freshly chopped red beets.

A good effect can be achieved when using ointments cooked in vegetable oil.

For the preparation of such ointments, the following plants are best used:

  • aloe;
  • of sea-buckthorn;
  • rose hips;
  • St. John's Wort.

It is preferable to use dressings with oil extracts and ointments, as they do not dry out( do not dry out on the skin) and simultaneously have a balsamic softening effect.

Let us remind you a little: never and under no circumstances do not self-medicate.

This can lead to very serious consequences.

Use the services of a competent, qualified medical specialist.

Take care of yourself.

Be Healthy!

Video: Treatment of trophic ulcers

Trophic ulcer Trophic ulcer is a defect in the mucous membrane or skin, manifested after the rejection of dead tissues of the body and a characteristic tendency to relapse and poor healing.

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