In the elderly, thrombosis of this kind is rare.
Subclavian venous thrombosis is a disease of physically active people, while if a person works more with his right hand, the disease affects it, the left-hander suffers more often from the left arm.
Acute thrombosis of the subclavian vein can develop after a person has subjected the arm to excessive strain, which is why it is necessary to be as careful as possible and not to overload your body.
One of the possible causes of thrombosis is the so-called aseptic phlebitis, which can occur if a person sleeps for a long time in clothing that squeezes muscle and interferes with normal blood circulation. Similarly, thrombosis can be caused by a dream in an unsuccessful pose that causes blood flow disorders in the limb.
Symptoms that indicate the possibility of developing thrombosis
Symptoms that may precede subclavian vein thrombosis for a long time:
- Fatigue fatigue
- Weakness and feeling of heaviness in the hand after physical exertion
- In some cases - pain in the arm
- Sudden swelling of the arm, more often- after sleep
Acute thrombosis of the subclavian vein is characterized by sudden swelling of the hand in the area of the hand, swelling quickly spreads up the arm, and after several days of affectedetsya entire limb.
The color of the hand changes, it becomes a cyanotic-lilac, with pinkish patches. When you click on the affected hand - the first day does not form a depression, as the disease progresses, after pressing it can remain not disappearing fossa.
If you do not treat the condition, the lateral part of the breast begins to be affected, the pain in the hand, numbness increases. The veins after a few days become more prominent, sometimes you can even feel the site with a thrombus.
Treatment of acute tuberculosis
If acute subclavian venous thrombosis is diagnosed, treatment should be started as early as possible. It is to not load the injured limb as much as possible and observe complete peace.
In subclavian vein thrombosis, conservative treatment with is usually performed.
Treatment is aimed at preventing further formation of thrombi, fixing an already formed thrombus, removing spasm and inflammation, repairing disturbed tissues.
In patients with thrombosis of the upper limbs, the patient does not necessarily have to adhere to bed rest, but the injured hand must ensure maximum peace and immobility during treatment.
If thrombosis of the subclavian vein is diagnosed, the treatment is usually to prescribe anticoagulant drugs that prevent further formation of blood clots.
Thrombolytic drugs help dissolve an already formed thrombus, and flavonoids relieve pain, inflammation, improve metabolism in damaged tissues.
As a local treatment, apply various compresses( with alcohol, troxevasin, heparin ointment), a good effect gives the use of leeches.
If thrombosis of the subclavian vein can subsequently cause a risk of gangrene, a thrombectomy is performed - removal of the thrombus through a small incision with a special device.