The disease was first described by Maurice Reynaud. Characterized by spasm of small vessels in the fingers, the tip of the nose, the chin an...
What is neurasthenia: all about the treatment of nervous exhaustion
Long-term emotional and physical overload can provoke a person's state of neurasthenia - a pathological state of the human nervous system, characterized by increased emotionality, hyperexcitability, a tendency to depressions and other unpleasant manifestations.
According to statistics, such disorders of the nervous system are affected by people from 20 to 40 years, and in men this condition is diagnosed much more often than in women.
If a person recycles, is in a protracted conflict, does not sleep enough at night, often gets into stressful situations, survived a tragedy or the death of a loved one, he automatically falls into a risk group.
Forms of the syndrome
So, it is necessary to pay attention to one's own emotional state or the behavior of a friend. Neurasthenia can manifest itself in three forms:
- increased excitability and aggression - hypersthenic form ;
- short temper with rapid manifestation of apathy and psychological lethargy - form of irritable weakness ;
- constant lethargy, drowsiness, apathy to the surrounding and ongoing events around - hyposthenic form .
If you find one or more symptoms in yourself or a loved one, you should urgently contact a psychologist, a psychiatrist, a neurologist.
If the patient has been diagnosed with asthenic neurosis syndrome( neurasthenia), then it is necessary to proceed to urgent treatment of the problem, which should be carried out in a complex way - the choice in favor of one of the methods may not yield results.
The aim of the treatment is to completely remove the provoking factors, as well as to return the person to the original calm state.
Elimination of provoking factors
At the initial stage of treatment, it is necessary to remove the provoking factors from the "field of vision":
- if the nervous condition is caused by communication with an unpleasant person, it means that it is completely excluded;
- if a person complains of poor state of health and lack of proper rest, then it is necessary to provide yourself with a full sleep;
- if nervous excitability manifests itself after a working day due to constant stressful situations and urgent cases - necessarily "arrange" a few days off for themselves with complete disqualification;
- in case of an experienced grief, loss of a loved one, it is better to get rid of all things that indirectly or directly remind him.
The list can be listed for a long time - the causes of neurasthenia can be hidden in the most simple trivia, which are necessarily eliminated. To provoking factors do not apply until the person emotionally completely comes to the original calm state.
If the stage of neurasthenic disorder is deep, you should consult a specialist. As a rule, everything depends on the behavior of a person, his character and temperament, as well as the duration of a pathological condition.
A psychologist can help at the initial stage of the disease, when the neurasthenic state manifests itself only after the influence of the provoking factor. The psychiatrist is already dealing with deeper problems, and already a neurologist can advise treatment in a hospital in the neurosis department if the patient's condition is critical and all symptoms manifest themselves in more significant forms.
To begin with, a psychologist or psychiatrist works with the patient, which determines the form and stage of neurasthenia. Here a series of emotional and physiological surveys are conducted. Based on the results obtained, psychotherapy begins.
The main methods of psychotherapy include:
- Therapy of persuasion - the doctor tries to convey to the patient that all his actions are correct and justified. This further leads the to the fact that a person in a neurasthenic state has a feeling of fear and panic. Gradually, experiences and stressful situations come to naught, because people feel more confident in controversial situations.
- The method of suggestion is direct or indirect .The specialist as if programming the patient for further confident actions, causing in him a sense of assertiveness, determination, his own desire to accomplish certain tasks. After the session, the person remains in full confidence that it was he who made the decision to resolve a particular situation.
- Self-hypnosis method - the patient himself analyzes the current situation, determines the existing mistakes and other factors, makes a decision and independently embodies them. This technique does not lead to a quick result - often it takes at least 1.5-2 months, sometimes longer, because a person during a neurasthenic condition is hard to soberly and fairly assess their own behavior.
Psychotherapy consists in suggesting to a person a positive attitude to problems and troubles that have arisen - gradually this completely relieves the patient from anxiety and other experiences.
The neurasthenic condition is characterized by exhaustion of the nervous system, which leads to the development of further pathologies - this is manifested in the patient's symptoms. If a person is in a state of neurasthenia for a long time, he is recommended to undergo a hospital examination and take a full medical treatment for recovery.
So, neurologists can prescribe the following drugs:
- during the treatment, is performed fortifying treatment of with Pantocalcin, Glycerophosphate calcium, iron-containing preparations;
- to improve the condition and stimulate physical activity use bromine and caffeine, but in pre-calculated doses;
- for the occurrence of cardiovascular lesions prescribe the intake of tinctures of hawthorn, valerian or motherwort;
- hypersthenic form often requires the use of tranquilizers in the form of preparations Elenium, Eunotin, hypnotics;
- hyposthenic form , on the contrary, requires the use of drugs of increased excitability in the form of Encephalus, Fentropil, Sibazone;
- for a slight effect of recommend the use of coffee, strong tea, and for the opposite effect - infusions of ginseng, Chinese magnolia vine;
- in rare cases, the patient is prescribed the use of Sonapaksa , an antidepressant that has a positive effect on the nervous system.
According to the indications the patient can be prescribed physiotherapy methods - electrosleep, massage, reflexology, aromatherapy and other procedures.
As such, there are no difficulties in the treatment of neurasthenia. If the treatment did not lead to results, a somewhat different therapy is prescribed. Complexities can arise only in the very treatment of the patient for qualified care.
Often, people with neurasthenia do not feel they have problems and a pathological condition. They deny their changed behavior and respond with aggression to such statements.
How to deal with the
problem yourself If you find nervous excitement and the above listed features of neurasthenia, a person can cope with the problem himself at home.
To begin with, go on vacation or just take a few days off at work to completely exclude contacts with employees that cause a person's nervous breakdown. During the rest it is better to turn off the phone, do not check the mail - it is important to completely disconnect from the old way of life.
During the rest, you need more time to sleep and the quietest time. For example, earlier I wanted to see an interesting film or series, but there was not enough time for it. Now you can afford it. Someone will find soothing a cleaning in the apartment - this also can not be ruled out if from this there will be a really soothing effect.
At the same time, it is recommended to use folk methods for treating neurasthenia:
- is an effective soothing herb - thyme, bones, chamomile and others. A tablespoon of the dried and shredded collection is poured into a glass of boiling water, held in a water bath for 5 minutes. At the end of time, you can take the broth in a cool form as a regular tea. In the broth it is fashionable to add a teaspoon of honey.
- Also useful are tinctures, which are prepared at home .It is necessary to take vodka, hawthorn grass and rhizome of aralia. In the dark vessel completely dried up raw materials and poured vodka. The vessel is sent to a dark place for infusion in a closed form. Tincture is maintained for 10 days, periodically shaking the vessel. It is taken on a teaspoon three times a day.
The use of folk remedies can be different. Sometimes baths with the same sedative herbs have a useful and more soothing effect.
To avoid falling into the neural trap
The main actions for the prevention of neurasthenia include:
- the correct daily routine;
- high-grade dream;
- correct allocation of working time;
- avoidance of physical activity;
- use of relaxation techniques after a nervous strain;
- balanced nutrition;
- regular intake of vitamins.
The main thing in the fight against neurasthenia is the exclusion factor of provocative moments that cause negative emotions in a person.